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Introduction

Welcome to the scenic valley of Samahni (Azad Jammu & Kashmir). A valley which is guarded by high mountains from all sides, offers breathtaking and mesmerising natural scenes to its visitors, waterfalls come down mountain slopes as well as streams of crystal clear water. The mountains across the whole valley dressed in jungles of pine trees add an extra touch to the stunning view. The valley holds a peaceful and tranquil atmosphere with pollution free environment from one end to the other. The entire valley of Samahni, is approximately 40 km long and 4 km wide, stretching from Kahawlian to Behmla in the West. It is located 17km in the North of Bhimber City and 30km in the North-East of Mirpur.

The valley's inhabitants are simple, peace-loving and law abiding. Theft, burglary and violent crimes are very low which reflects the true nature of the general population in the Valley. The majority of the households are in one way or another associated with agriculture, growing mainly wheat and maize crops. A Vast majority of the working population serve in different walks of life, including Armed Forces of Pakistan, some have also been attracted to foreign countries in search of a better future.

Samahni, valley has benefited from sub-division status since 1992, when Sardar Sikandar Hayat Khan the then Prime Minister of Azad-Jammu and Kashmir announced this long-overdue decision, making it the 3rd sub-division of district Bhimber.

The natural splendour of valley Samahni and surrounding mountains has been acknowledged by many European travellers, who always had a surprised encounter with the lush green jungles of Jandichontra summits while travelling on the Moghul road to visit Kashmir. We have given references of some of these encounters in the history page, but here we would like to present an account of French Physician Bernier Francois who travelled with emperor Aurangzaib almost 350 years ago in 1665. From Bhimber he followed his journey at night time; a day after the emperor had left for Kashmir. Upon reaching the Jandichontra hill tops he was astonished to find himself in the middle of the pine forest and was equally overwhelmed by the unexpected transformation in the climate. He has summed up his feelings in this very interesting paragraph of his book 'The travel in the Mogul Empire.' “In respect then to the route from Bember (Bhimber) I was surprised to find myself, on the very first night transported on a sudden, from a torrid to a temperate zone, for we had no sooner scaled that frightful wall of the world, I mean the lofty ,steep ,black and bare mountain of Bember and begun the descent on the other side, then we respired a pure, mild and refreshing air. What surprised me still more was to find myself as it were transferred from India to Europe. I almost imagined myself in the mountains of Auvergne in a French forest of fir, green oak, elm and plane trees and could not avoid feeling strongly the contrast between this scene and the burning fields of Hundustan, which I had just quitted and where nothing of the kind is seen". These were the words of a European traveller 350 years ago when he first entered the valley. Even today new visitors express similar views when they first set foot in this valley. They are always overwhelmed by its beauty , calm surroundings and unpolluted atmosphere.

The valley is blessed with a very fertile land coupled with a favourable environment for all kind of fruit trees including Mangoes, Mulbury, Banana, Oranges, Apricot, Apple, Plump, Pear, Guava, Lukkot and Grapes. Valley's mountains provide a wide rage of wild fruits which are not only essential for wildlife but most of them are fit for human consumption too. Some of those fruits are ( with the local names ) Phakwaray, Aakhray, Garhanday and Jamnoo. There are also numerous medicinal plants found in the mountains of Valley Samahni which can be used as herbal remedies for various diseases.

Due to the social changes over the past few years a considerable reduction has been observed in the case of deforestation. As a result Wildlife has flourished and a number of new species of animals have been found in the area. This fact is more evident in the case of birds. Now a days people are spotting new species of birds that have never been seen in the valley previously.

Population

Census Population Population increase Yearly increase % Population Share in Distt Bhimber % Population Share in AK %
Mar 1998 94938
Mar 2017 142818 47880 2.65 33.95 3.53

Language

The majority of the inhabitants speak Pahari, with some punjabi influence due to its close proximity to the Punjab province. Urdu is still spoken and understood among the natives, however, not so commonly as pahari.

Union Councils

There are currently five union councils in the sub-division, which are recognised by the following names: 1. Bandala 2. Samahni 3. Chowki 4. Poona 5. Dal Khamba

samahni-valley-Introduction-image
Source: Globefeed.com
City Name Distance To Jandi chontra (km) Route
Jehlum 58 Pindi Jhunja
Kharian 58 Guliana/ kotla
Lala Mousa 56 Kotla
Gujrat 64 Kotla
Sialkot 102 Headmarala
Sialkot 125 Gujrat/Kotla
Vazirabad 85 Gujrat/Kotla
Gujranwala 117 Gujrat/Kotla
Kotla A.A.K 32 Bhimber
Jalalpure jattn 63 Doulat Ngr./Kotla
Mirpure 63 Jatlan/ Bhimber
Dina 82 Jatlan/ Bhimer
Rawalpindi 173 Mangla/Jatlan/Bhimber
Lahore 190 Gujrat/ Kotla

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