samahni-valley-main-logo

Baghsar

Baghsar means a land of water and gardens. This beautiful place is 12 kilometres in the east of Samahni town and a same distance away from Jandichontra. It is famous for its lake and a huge granite built fort known as baghsar fort. Baghsar is said to have been a focal point during and after the Mogul era due to its picturesque locality and calm atmosphere. The water lake has past its prime days and is being swallowed by the mud and other debris thus is in need of the urgent attention from the authorities. Overlooking the lake the Baghsar fort is built at a nearby mountain. There are conflicting opinions among historians as to who built this wonderful fort. Many believe this was the work of Mogul emperors. Some say that it was built by the Sikh rulers after they had defeated Raja Sultan Khan the last ruler of Bhimber state in 1812.

There is a very little evidence available about the true history of this fort. According to G.T. Vigne (a frequent traveller between Lahore and Bhimber) this fort was built by Gulab Singh’s brother called Deyhan Singh who was made Raja of Bhimber in 1826. In his book “travel in Kashmir ladakh and Iskardo” vol1 published 1844 he says.

The castle of Amur Gurh (an old name for baghsar) built by Deyhan singh is visible on approaching Bhimber from the plain, upon a ridge six miles distance to the eastward of the village. (Page 239)

The first march I made was from Bhimber to the village of sumani. The peasants brought me a profusion of wild yellow raspberries. I examined the castle of Amur Gurh through my telescope. It is apparently built on a ridge. It seemed to be of stone and of solid masonry with curtains and towers on a rectangular outline. It is supposed to contain a large treasure and a magazine of arms increased by the cannon that the Raja (Deyhan Singh) had smuggled from his master Ranjeet. (Page 245)

Another traveller W. Wakefield who visited the area in 1875 writes in his book. "On the summit of a hill, some few miles distance is the castle of Amur Gurh built by an uncle of the present ruler (son of Gulab Singh) and well worthy of inspection if time can be spared."

Some historians believe that emperor Jehangir while returning from Kashmir fell ill and died in this fort, and in order to delay decomposing process his internal organs were removed and buried in this fort before taking his body to Lahore for a permanent burial. The claims of a similar nature however are also made about Chingus sarai near Indian controlled town of Rajouri. If we go by Jehangir’s connection to this place then we will have to trace its roots beyond 1627(Jehangir’s death) and well into the heart of Mogul era. Due to inadequate information and some missing references we are unable to draw a complete picture of this historical site. but despite opposing and controversial views on its origin, this architectural heritage of the Sub Continent is and will remain a constant reminder of our glorious past in the construction field.

All Rights Reserved. © 2019 Samahni valley.
Developed by www.magichues.co.uk